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Clonidine is a prescription medication. The form you use may depend on your condition. Clonidine extended-release tablets are available as the brand-name drug Kapvay. Generic drugs usually cost less. In some cases, they may not be available in every strength or form as the brand. Clonidine extended-release tablets are used to treat symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD.
They can be used by people aged 6—18 years. This drug may be used as part of a combination therapy. That means you may need to take it with other drugs. Clonidine belongs to a class of drugs called centrally acting alpha-agonists. We do know that clonidine works in the part of the brain that helps regulate behavior, attention, and how we express emotion.
Clonidine oral tablet can cause drowsiness. However, this effect might go away the longer you take it. It can also cause other side effects. Mild side effects may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. The more common side effects that can occur with clonidine include:. If you experience any of these serious side effects, call your doctor right away. Serious side effects can include:. Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects.
This information is not a substitute for medical advice.
Always discuss possible side effects with a healthcare provider who knows your medical history. Clonidine oral tablet can interact with other medications, herbs, or vitamins you might be taking. Note: You can reduce your chances of drug interactions by having all of your prescriptions filled at the same pharmacy.
That way, a pharmacist can check for possible drug interactions. Taking these drugs with clonidine might increase drowsiness:. Combining these drugs with clonidine can increase your blood pressure. Examples of these drugs include:. Combining these heart drugs with clonidine can slow your heart rate.
This can become severe. You may need to go to the hospital or have a pacemaker. If you take these drugs with clonidine, you may get dizzy or have trouble balancing when you sit after lying down, or stand after sitting. This is called orthostatic hypotension. Combining these drugs with clonidine may lower your blood pressure too much. This raises your risk of passing out. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking.
Taking oral clonidine after having a skin reaction to the clonidine patch can cause a rash over your whole body, itching, and possibly a severe allergic reaction. Combining alcohol with clonidine may cause a dangerous sedative effect. It may slow your reflexes, cause poor judgment, and cause sleepiness. For people with heart problems: This includes low blood pressure, low heart rate, and heart disease.
This medication decreases blood pressure and heart rate. You may be at risk for more serious side effects if you already have low blood pressure or a low heart rate. For people who get dizzy when standing: This condition is called orthostatic hypotension.
Clonidine can make this condition worse. These can increase your dizziness and risk of fainting. For people with syncope fainting : Clonidine can make this condition worse. For people with eye problems: This includes dry eye syndrome and problems focusing your eyes. Clonidine may make these problems worse.
For pregnant women: Clonidine is a category C pregnancy drug. That means two things:. Clonidine should be used during pregnancy only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. For women who are breastfeeding: Clonidine may pass into your breast milk and can cause side effects in a breastfeeding.
You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking clonidine. For seniors: This medication affects blood pressure, which may cause dizziness and increase your risk of falling. All possible dosages and forms may not be included here. Your dose, form, and how often you take it will depend on:. If you have kidney disease: If you have kidney disease, your starting dosage may be lower.
Your dosage may be increased based on your blood pressure. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. Always speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you. Clonidine is a long-term medication. This can lead to a withdrawal reaction. Side effects may include:. You may be able to tell this drug is working if you notice improvement in your symptoms, especially attention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. A prescription for this medication is refillable. You should not need a new prescription for this medication to be refilled.
Your doctor will write the of refills authorized on your prescription. Your doctor may do tests during your treatment with this drug. Your doctor may:. Many insurance companies require a prior authorization for the brand-name version of this drug. This means your doctor will need to get approval from your insurance company before your insurance company will pay for the prescription.
There are other medications available to treat your condition. Some may be more suitable for you than others. Talk to your doctor about possible alternatives. Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up-to-date. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a d healthcare professional.
You should always consult your doctor or other healthcare professional before taking any medication. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses.
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